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Electronic Reserves


The AUC Library's policy governing the electronic and print course reserves is based on the provisions of fair use of the United States Copyright Act of 1976. Section 107 of the Copyright Act expressly permits the making of multiple copies for classroom use.

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or by any other means specified in that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

In determining fair use there are four factors to be considered:


  • The purpose and character of the use: this includes whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit education purposes
  • Nature: the nature of the copyrighted work
  • Amount: the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
  • Effect: the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work

The AUC Library's electronic and print course reserves provide access to supplementary course materials in support of the University's academic mission. The collections of the AUC Library are purchased by the University for the nonprofit, educational use of students and faculty with the understanding that there may be multiple uses of a limited number of copies. The sole purpose of library print and electronic course reserves is to facilitate student access to readings for university classes. In addition, many online resources are licensed for use by AUC students, faculty and staff members.

General features of the Electronic Reserves

The system will permit simultaneous use by multiple authorized users accessible on the network. Users connecting to the electronic course reserves from outside the campus must identify themselves as an authorized user by logging-in with their valid User Name and ID Number before they can access the materials.

Authorized users may view, download or print copies from the system. The AUC system stores documents in pdf files. If accessing from a personal machine the user will be prompted for the appropriate plug-in if needed before viewing and printing. Instruction for viewing and printing
Users may make one copy for private study, personal reading, research, scholarship or education.
Whether the library owns the item or not, the library will not copy or scan:

  • An entire book
  • An entire journal issue
  • Amounts that exceed the essence of the work 

The AUC library will not place materials on electronic or print course reserve if it judges that the nature, scope or extent of the material is beyond the reasonable limits of fair use

On a preliminary or introductory screen the system displays a copyright notice, consistent with the notice described in section 108 of the Copyright Act.

NOTICE: Egyptian and United States Copyright law allows libraries provide copies under certain conditions. One of these conditions is that the copy or reproduction may not be used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research', and that only one copy be provided for scholarly purposes, unless copyright fees are paid. Additional copies from this computer system may be in violation of copyright laws and is prohibited.

Materials will only be made available for the semester the class is being taught. All material will be removed from the electronic course reserves system after the semester has ended.

The AUC Libraries will routinely monitor the effectiveness of this policy and make every effort to ensure that library services are in compliance with the copyright law. Visit the AUC Libraries website for additional information on copyright and the library. This policy is based on procedures and policies at Duke University, University of Nevada, Las Vegas and Columbia University.

To place an item on reserve, please click on the Reserve Request Form pdf Acrobat Document

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